OVERVIEW OF THE AMAZON RIO NEGRO
The Amazon Rio Negro river is the largest left tributary of the Amazon, the largest blackwater river in the world, and one of the world’s ten largest rivers in average discharge. It has its sources along the watershed between the Orinoco and the Amazon basins, and also connects with canals in southern Venezuela. In Colombia, where the Rio Negro’s sources are located, it is called the Guainía River.
The Rio Negro joins with the Rio Solimões to form the Amazon River South of Manaus, Brazil.
The Anavilhanas National Park is a Brazilian conservation unit protection. In the state of Amazonas, with land distributed by the municipalities of Iranduba, Manaus and Novo Airão.
Covering about 400 islands, the park is located in the Rio Negro river, near the Jau National Park. It was originally created as Ecological Station, with an area of 350,018 ha. In October 2008, it was re-categorized as a National Park. His administration now rests with the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).
The area of the unit is in the public domain and visits are only allowed for educational purpose.
The region has a unique ecosystem, with beautiful scenery, endemic species and peculiar training.
WHEN TO GO
ALL YEAR LONG AVAILABLE
There are two different “seasons” in Manaus: dry and wet. Traveling in the dry or rainy seasons provides completely different experiences, so it is so important to choose the date of travel. It is recommended also that you visit the Amazon in the two seasons, so you can see live the impressive change in river levels. (Depending of the location, some lodge will be closed for few weeks i the dry season).
Get ready for high temperatures in any season, especially in September, the terror of locals when the temperature passes 40ºC. The average annual temperature is around 27ºC, but the humidity and sultry weather, make the thermal sensation higher.
Heat and humidity are present all year; during the dry season, from June to November, it rains less. The dry season (winter) is when the rivers has the lower water level and form the river beaches. The rainy season (summer) is from December to May and reflects on the level of the rivers, causing it to be very full and forming the flooding forest. The level reached vary about 15 meters between flood and drought, so the construction are adapted to changes – very interesting to watch and experience indeed.
Using the Manaus International Airport is not only the fastest option, but also the most comfortable. Manaus is in the middle of Amazonian forest , getting to other capitals in the North by roads is exhausting, endless and to be frank, impossible. The river transportation, characteristic in cities bathed in rivers, is one of the alternatives most used by locals and by you as you will reach the jungle after your arrival.
The pier where depart the boat to the lodges is at the Tropical Manaus hotel.
Primary means of arrival of domestic and foreign tourists, the Manaus International Airport has been renovated to receive the World Cup. It is a little away from the city center.
Importantly, in addition to serving as arrival in Manaus, the airport offers flights to overseas countries, especially the United States, subject of many promotions throughout the year.
The boats are often used by the inhabitants of the Amazon region to go from one city to another. It is common to use them to get from Itacoatiara and Parintins to Manaus, for example; however, the negative factors are the longest duration and the discomfort of the vessels, which only have hammocks. To get an idea, between Belem and Manaus the boat trip takes about four days.
The transfers to the lodge can cary between 40 minutes and 4 hours.
WHAT TO DO IN THE AMAZON RIO NEGRO
Visit of a local community. Get to know their lifestyle, traditions, agriculture and social organization. Depending on the village, you might have the opportunity to buy locally produced handicrafts.
What to consider before traveling?
- Drinking water is very important when visiting the jungle to avoid dehydration and malaise.
- It is very hot in the Amazon, so put many light clothes in the bag, sunscreen and sunglasses.
- The Amazon has a delayed time relative to the time zone of Brasilia; stay tuned and change the time on your watch not to miss appointments and flights. UTC/GMT -4 hours
- Take your repellent always with you.
- Be sure to try fish, fruit or guarana – which has a very different flavor from the rest of Brazil. The Amazon flavors are an attraction in itself, always startling.
What to bring?
- Light clothes
- Sneakers or closed shoes
- Towel and bathing suits
- Hat and sunglasses
- Sunscreen and insect repellent to insects
- Cash for drinks and souvenirs